nonprobability surveys

Underreporting of Purchases in the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey

Motivated misreporting occurs when respondents give incorrect responses to survey questions to shorten the interview; studies have detected this behavior across many modes, topics, and countries. This paper tests whether motivated misreporting …

Understanding the Effects of Questionnaire Changes when Experiments are Not Possible: Application to the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey

Many large-scale government surveys do not have the budget or time to conduct experiments to assess the effects of questionnaire changes. Rather than conducting an experiment, this paper proposes the use of a parallel web survey and multiple …